In a recent class on Kinematics, I prepared a string of 4 pendulum balls, each separated about 20 cm apart and dropped them from a height. Before that, I got students to predict whether the intervals in time between drops will be constant, increasing or decreasing.
Most students are able to predict rightly that the intervals will be decreasing and explain their reasoning.
What challenged me was this: previously, we had to listen to the intervals of sound to verify the answer. I had tried using laptop software such as Audacity to record the sound before. However, I wanted students to be involved in this verification process. PhyPhox enabled that.
With each student being able to download the mobile app into their phones, all I needed to do was to ensure everyone uses the correct setting: the Audio Scope setting and to change their range to the maximum duration (500 ms). They then had to be familiar with the play and pause button so they can stop the measurement in time to see the waveform.
I then did a countdown before dropping the balls. This is an example of the graph obtained.
Through this graph, you can see that:
- the time interval between drops decreases as the balls dropping over a larger height had gained more velocity by the time they reach the table.
- the amplitude of sound increases as the balls drop with increasing velocity, therefore hitting the table with larger force.